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This is a HL7 FHIR server, and as you appear to be accessing this page from a web browser you are seeing a HTML version of the requested resource(s). You can also access this URL from a FHIR client as a ReSTful API call. For more details please see the HL7 FHIR specification.
{
  "resourceType": "StructureDefinition",
  "id": "DCH-SocialContextPerson-QuestionnaireResponse-1",
  "meta": {
    "lastUpdated": "2018-06-21T13:20:07.547+01:00"
  },
  "url": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/DCH-SocialContextPerson-QuestionnaireResponse-1",
  "version": "1.3.0",
  "name": "DCH-SocialContextPerson-QuestionnaireResponse-1",
  "status": "draft",
  "date": "2019-03-08",
  "publisher": "NHS Digital",
  "contact": [
    {
      "name": "Interoperability Team",
      "telecom": [
        {
          "system": "email",
          "value": "interoperabilityteam@nhs.net",
          "use": "work"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "description": "This QuestionnaireResponse resource is constrained to represent the responses given to a Social Context Person questionnaire, to support the Digital Child Health project.",
  "copyright": "Copyright © 2019 NHS Digital",
  "fhirVersion": "3.0.1",
  "kind": "resource",
  "abstract": false,
  "type": "QuestionnaireResponse",
  "baseDefinition": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse",
  "derivation": "constraint",
  "snapshot": {
    "element": [
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse",
        "short": "A structured set of questions and their answers",
        "definition": "A structured set of questions and their answers. The questions are ordered and grouped into coherent subsets, corresponding to the structure of the grouping of the questionnaire being responded to.",
        "comment": "The QuestionnaireResponse contains enough information about the questions asked and their organization that it can be interpreted somewhat independently from the Questionnaire it is based on.  I.e. You don't need access to the Questionnaire in order to extract basic information from a QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "alias": [
          "Form",
          "QuestionnaireAnswers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Resource",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "dom-2",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources",
            "expression": "contained.contained.empty()",
            "xpath": "not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"
          },
          {
            "key": "dom-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain any narrative",
            "expression": "contained.text.empty()",
            "xpath": "not(parent::f:contained and f:text)"
          },
          {
            "key": "dom-4",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated",
            "expression": "contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"
          },
          {
            "key": "dom-3",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource",
            "expression": "contained.where(('#'+id in %resource.descendants().reference).not()).empty()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/@id return $id[not(ancestor::f:contained/parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $id))]))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Entity. Role, or Act"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Observation[moodCode=EVN]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "infrastructure.information"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.id",
        "short": "Logical id of this artifact",
        "definition": "The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.",
        "comment": "The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Resource.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "id"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.meta",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.meta",
        "short": "Metadata about the resource",
        "definition": "The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content may not always be associated with version changes to the resource.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Resource.meta",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Meta"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.implicitRules",
        "short": "A set of rules under which this content was created",
        "definition": "A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content.",
        "comment": "Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element.   This element is labelled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Resource.implicitRules",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.language",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.language",
        "short": "Language of the resource content",
        "definition": "The base language in which the resource is written.",
        "comment": "Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource  Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Resource.language",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet",
              "valueReference": {
                "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"
              }
            },
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "Language"
            },
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
              "valueBoolean": true
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "A human language.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.text",
        "short": "Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation",
        "definition": "A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource, and may be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it \"clinically safe\" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.",
        "comment": "Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a \"text blob\" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded in formation is added later.",
        "alias": [
          "narrative",
          "html",
          "xhtml",
          "display"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "DomainResource.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Narrative"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "dom-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Act.text?"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.contained",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.contained",
        "short": "Contained, inline Resources",
        "definition": "These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.",
        "comment": "This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again.",
        "alias": [
          "inline resources",
          "anonymous resources",
          "contained resources"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "DomainResource.contained",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Resource"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Entity. Role, or Act"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "DomainResource.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.modifierExtension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "DomainResource.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier",
        "short": "Unique id for this set of answers",
        "definition": "A business identifier assigned to a particular completed (or partially completed) questionnaire.",
        "requirements": "Used for tracking, registration and other business purposes.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".id"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.use",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.use",
        "short": "usual | official | temp | secondary (If known)",
        "definition": "The purpose of this identifier.",
        "comment": "This is labeled as \"Is Modifier\" because applications should not mistake a temporary id for a permanent one. Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.",
        "requirements": "Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.use",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "IdentifierUse"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "required",
          "description": "Identifies the purpose for this identifier, if known .",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-use"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "N/A"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Role.code or implied by context"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type",
        "short": "Description of identifier",
        "definition": "A coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.",
        "comment": "This element deals only with general categories of identifiers.  It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage.   Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type.",
        "requirements": "Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.type",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "IdentifierType"
            },
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
              "valueBoolean": true
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "A coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/identifier-type"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CE/CNE/CWE"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CD"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX.5"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Role.code or implied by context"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding",
        "short": "Code defined by a terminology system",
        "definition": "A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.",
        "comment": "Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.",
        "requirements": "Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system.  Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "CodeableConcept.coding",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CE/CNE/CWE subset one of the sets of component 1-3 or 4-6"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CV"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding rdfs:subClassOf dt:CDCoding"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "union(., ./translation)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.system",
        "short": "Identity of the terminology system",
        "definition": "The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.",
        "comment": "The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.",
        "requirements": "Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.system",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.3"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystem"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.version",
        "short": "Version of the system - if relevant",
        "definition": "The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.",
        "comment": "Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.version",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.7"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystemVersion"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.code",
        "short": "Symbol in syntax defined by the system",
        "definition": "A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to refer to a particular code in the system.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.code",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./code"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.display",
        "short": "Representation defined by the system",
        "definition": "A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CV.displayName"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.coding.userSelected",
        "short": "If this coding was chosen directly by the user",
        "definition": "Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).",
        "comment": "Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.",
        "requirements": "This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.userSelected",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "Sometimes implied by being first"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CD.codingRationale"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\\#true a [     fhir:source \"true\";     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\\#O   ]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.text",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type.text",
        "short": "Plain text representation of the concept",
        "definition": "A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.",
        "comment": "Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.",
        "requirements": "The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "CodeableConcept.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./originalText[mediaType/code=\"text/plain\"]/data"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:CodeableConcept.text rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.originalText"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.system",
        "short": "The namespace for the identifier value",
        "definition": "Establishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique.",
        "comment": "see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_resource_identifier",
        "requirements": "There are many sets  of identifiers.  To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.system",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "example": [
          {
            "label": "General",
            "valueUri": "http://www.acme.com/identifiers/patient or urn:ietf:rfc:3986 if the Identifier.value itself is a full uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX.4 / EI-2-4"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II.root or Role.id.root"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "./IdentifierType"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.value",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.value",
        "short": "The value that is unique",
        "definition": "The portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.",
        "comment": "If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986.  The value's primary purpose is computational mapping.  As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.)  A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the [Rendered Value extension](extension-rendered-value.html).",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.value",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "example": [
          {
            "label": "General",
            "valueString": "123456"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX.1 / EI.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II.extension or II.root if system indicates OID or GUID (Or Role.id.extension or root)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "./Value"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period",
        "short": "Time period when id is/was valid for use",
        "definition": "Time period during which identifier is/was valid for use.",
        "comment": "This is not a duration - that's a measure of time (a separate type), but a duration that occurs at a fixed value of time. A Period specifies a range of time; the context of use will specify whether the entire range applies (e.g. \"the patient was an inpatient of the hospital for this time range\") or one value from the range applies (e.g. \"give to the patient between these two times\"). If duration is required, specify the type as Interval|Duration.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.period",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Period"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "per-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "If present, start SHALL have a lower value than end",
            "expression": "start.empty() or end.empty() or (start <= end)",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:start)) or not(exists(f:end)) or (f:start/@value <= f:end/@value)"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "DR"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "IVL[lowClosed=\"true\" and highClosed=\"true\"] or URG[lowClosed=\"true\" and highClosed=\"true\"]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX.7 + CX.8"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "Role.effectiveTime or implied by context"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "./StartDate and ./EndDate"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.start",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.start",
        "short": "Starting time with inclusive boundary",
        "definition": "The start of the period. The boundary is inclusive.",
        "comment": "If the low element is missing, the meaning is that the low boundary is not known.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Period.start",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "dateTime"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "per-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "DR.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./low"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.end",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period.end",
        "short": "End time with inclusive boundary, if not ongoing",
        "definition": "The end of the period. If the end of the period is missing, it means that the period is ongoing. The start may be in the past, and the end date in the future, which means that period is expected/planned to end at that time.",
        "comment": "The high value includes any matching date/time. i.e. 2012-02-03T10:00:00 is in a period that has a end value of 2012-02-03.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Period.end",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "dateTime"
          }
        ],
        "meaningWhenMissing": "If the end of the period is missing, it means that the period is ongoing",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "per-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "DR.2"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./high"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner",
        "short": "Organization that issued id (may be just text)",
        "definition": "Organization that issued/manages the identifier.",
        "comment": "The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Identifier.assigner",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX.4 / (CX.4,CX.9,CX.10)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II.assigningAuthorityName but note that this is an improper use by the definition of the field.  Also Role.scoper"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "./IdentifierIssuingAuthority"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn",
        "short": "Request fulfilled by this QuestionnaireResponse",
        "definition": "The order, proposal or plan that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this QuestionnaireResponse.  For example, a ProcedureRequest seeking an intake assessment or a decision support recommendation to assess for post-partum depression.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Supports traceability of responsibility for the action and allows linkage of an action to the recommendations acted upon.",
        "alias": [
          "order"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ReferralRequest"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ProcedureRequest"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent",
        "short": "Part of this action",
        "definition": "A procedure or observation that this questionnaire was performed as part of the execution of.  For example, the surgery a checklist was executed as part of.",
        "comment": "Composition of questionnaire responses will be handled by the parent questionnaire having answers that reference the child questionnaire.  For relationships to referrals, and other types of requests, use basedOn.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Procedure"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire",
        "short": "Form being answered",
        "definition": "The Questionnaire that defines and organizes the questions for which answers are being provided.",
        "comment": "If a QuestionnaireResponse references a Questionnaire, then the QuestionnaireResponse structure must be consistent with the Questionnaire (i.e. questions must be organized into the same groups, nested questions must still be nested, etc.).",
        "requirements": "Needed to allow editing of the questionnaire response in a manner that enforces the constraints of the original form.",
        "alias": [
          "Form"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Questionnaire"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./outboundRelationship[typeCode=INST]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.status",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.status",
        "short": "in-progress | completed | amended | entered-in-error | stopped",
        "definition": "The position of the questionnaire response within its overall lifecycle.",
        "comment": "This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.",
        "requirements": "The information on Questionnaire resources  may possibly be gathered during multiple sessions and altered after considered being finished.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.status",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "fixedCode": "completed",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireResponseStatus"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "required",
          "description": "Lifecycle status of the questionnaire response.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers-status"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".statusCode (also whether there's a revisionControlAct - and possibly mood to distinguish \"in-progress\" from \"published)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "status"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject",
        "short": "The subject of the Social Context Person questions",
        "definition": "The subject of the questionnaire response.  This could be a patient, organization, practitioner, device, etc.  This is who/what the answers apply to, but is not necessarily the source of information.",
        "comment": "If the Questionnaire declared a subjectType, the resource pointed to by this element must be an instance of one of the listed types.",
        "requirements": "Allows linking the answers to the individual the answers describe.  May also affect access control.",
        "alias": [
          "Patient",
          "Focus"
        ],
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "who.focus"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context",
        "short": "Encounter or Episode during which questionnaire was completed",
        "definition": "The encounter or episode of care with primary association to the questionnaire response.",
        "comment": "A questionnaire that was initiated during an encounter but not fully completed during the encounter would still generally be associated with the encounter.",
        "requirements": "Provides context for the information that was captured.  May also affect access control.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Encounter-1"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".inboundRelationship(typeCode=COMP].source[classCode<=PCPR, moodCode=EVN]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "context"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.authored",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.authored",
        "short": "Date/Time the social context was recorded.",
        "definition": "The date and/or time that this set of answers were last changed.",
        "comment": "May be different from the lastUpdateTime of the resource itself, because that reflects when the data was known to the server, not when the data was captured.  This element is optional to allow for systems that may not know the value, however it SHOULD be populated if possible.",
        "requirements": "Clinicians need to be able to check the date that the information in the questionnaire was collected, to derive the context of the answers.",
        "alias": [
          "Date Created",
          "Date published",
          "Date Issued",
          "Date updated"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.authored",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "dateTime"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=AUT].time"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "when.recorded"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author",
        "short": "Person who received and recorded the answers",
        "definition": "Person who received the answers to the questions in the QuestionnaireResponse and recorded them in the system.",
        "comment": "Mapping a subject's answers to multiple choice options and determining what to put in the textual answer is a matter of interpretation.  Authoring by device would indicate that some portion of the questionnaire had been auto-populated.",
        "requirements": "Need to know who interpreted the subject's answers to the questions in the questionnaire, and selected the appropriate options for answers.",
        "alias": [
          "Laboratory",
          "Service",
          "Practitioner",
          "Department",
          "Company",
          "Performer"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Practitioner-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/DCH-RelatedPerson-1"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=AUT].role"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "who.author"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source",
        "short": "The person who answered the questions",
        "definition": "The person who answered the questions about the subject.",
        "comment": "If not specified, no inference can be made about who provided the data.",
        "requirements": "When answering questions about a subject that is minor, incapable of answering or an animal, another human source may answer the questions.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Practitioner-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/DCH-RelatedPerson-1"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=INF].role"
          },
          {
            "identity": "w5",
            "map": "who.source"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "text"
            }
          ],
          "ordered": true,
          "rules": "closed"
        },
        "short": "Groups and questions",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "boolean"
          },
          {
            "code": "decimal"
          },
          {
            "code": "integer"
          },
          {
            "code": "date"
          },
          {
            "code": "dateTime"
          },
          {
            "code": "time"
          },
          {
            "code": "string"
          },
          {
            "code": "uri"
          },
          {
            "code": "Attachment"
          },
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          },
          {
            "code": "Quantity"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "socialCircumstances",
        "short": "The record of the child’s social background, network and personal circumstances",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "socialCircumstances",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Social Circumstances",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "lifestyle",
        "short": "The record of lifestyle choices made by the child which are pertinent to his or her health and well-being",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "lifestyle",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Lifestyle",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "smokingStatus",
        "short": "Latest or current smoking status of the child",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "smokingStatus",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Smoking Status",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
        "sliceName": "valueCoding",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "Latest or current smoking status of the child",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-PersonSmokingStatus-1"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "sliceName": "snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension",
            "profile": "https://fhir.hl7.org.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/Extension-coding-sctdescid"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.system",
        "short": "Identity of the terminology system",
        "definition": "The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.",
        "comment": "The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.",
        "requirements": "Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.system",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.3"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystem"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.version",
        "short": "Version of the system - if relevant",
        "definition": "The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.",
        "comment": "Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.version",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.7"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystemVersion"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.code",
        "short": "Symbol in syntax defined by the system",
        "definition": "A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to refer to a particular code in the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.code",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./code"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.display",
        "short": "Representation defined by the system",
        "definition": "A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CV.displayName"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "short": "If this coding was chosen directly by the user",
        "definition": "Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).",
        "comment": "Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.",
        "requirements": "This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.userSelected",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "Sometimes implied by being first"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CD.codingRationale"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\\#true a [     fhir:source \"true\";     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\\#O   ]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "smokingStatusDetails",
        "short": "Groups and questions",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "smokingStatusDetails",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Smoking Status - Details",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "drugSubstanceUse",
        "short": "Record of any drug/substance use by the child",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "substanceStatus",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Drug/substance use",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
        "sliceName": "valueCoding",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "required",
          "description": "Code indicating any drug/substance use by the child",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-DrugOrSubstanceUse-1"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "sliceName": "snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension",
            "profile": "https://fhir.hl7.org.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/Extension-coding-sctdescid"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.system",
        "short": "Identity of the terminology system",
        "definition": "The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.",
        "comment": "The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.",
        "requirements": "Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.system",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "fixedUri": "http://snomed.info/sct",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.3"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystem"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.version",
        "short": "Version of the system - if relevant",
        "definition": "The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.",
        "comment": "Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.version",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.7"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystemVersion"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.code",
        "short": "Symbol in syntax defined by the system",
        "definition": "A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to refer to a particular code in the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.code",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./code"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.display",
        "short": "Representation defined by the system",
        "definition": "A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CV.displayName"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "short": "If this coding was chosen directly by the user",
        "definition": "Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).",
        "comment": "Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.",
        "requirements": "This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.userSelected",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "Sometimes implied by being first"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CD.codingRationale"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\\#true a [     fhir:source \"true\";     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\\#O   ]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "drugSubstanceUseDetails",
        "short": "Groups and questions",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "drugSubstanceUseDetails",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Drug/Substance use - Details",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "alcoholUse",
        "short": "Latest or current alcohol consumption record of the child measured in units consumed per week (as reported per week)",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "alcoholIntake",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Alcohol use",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
        "sliceName": "valueCoding",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "Record of any alcohol use by the child.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-AlcoholUse-1"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "sliceName": "snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension",
            "profile": "https://fhir.hl7.org.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/Extension-coding-sctdescid"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.system",
        "short": "Identity of the terminology system",
        "definition": "The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.",
        "comment": "The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.",
        "requirements": "Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.system",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.3"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystem"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.version",
        "short": "Version of the system - if relevant",
        "definition": "The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.",
        "comment": "Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.version",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.7"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./codeSystemVersion"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.code",
        "short": "Symbol in syntax defined by the system",
        "definition": "A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to refer to a particular code in the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.code",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "code"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.1"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "./code"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.display",
        "short": "Representation defined by the system",
        "definition": "A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CV.displayName"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "short": "If this coding was chosen directly by the user",
        "definition": "Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).",
        "comment": "Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.",
        "requirements": "This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "Coding.userSelected",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "Sometimes implied by being first"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "CD.codingRationale"
          },
          {
            "identity": "orim",
            "map": "fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\\#true a [     fhir:source \"true\";     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\\#O   ]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "alcoholUseDetails",
        "short": "Groups and questions",
        "definition": "A group or question item from the original questionnaire for which answers are provided.",
        "comment": "Groups cannot have answers and therefore must nest directly within item. When dealing with questions, nesting must occur within each answer because some questions may have multiple answers (and the nesting occurs for each answer).",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "qrs-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Nested item can't be beneath both item and answer",
            "expression": "(answer.exists() and item.exists()).not()",
            "xpath": "not(exists(f:answer) and exists(f:item))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "short": "Pointer to specific item from Questionnaire",
        "definition": "The item from the Questionnaire that corresponds to this item in the QuestionnaireResponse resource.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Items can repeat in the answers, so a direct 1..1 correspondence by position may not exist - requiring correspondence by identifier.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
          "min": 1,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "short": "ElementDefinition - details for the item",
        "definition": "A reference to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides the details for the item.",
        "comment": "The ElementDefinition must be in a [StructureDefinition](structuredefinition.html) or a [DataElement](dataelement.html), and must have a fragment identifier that identifies the specific data element by its id (Element.id). E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x].  There is no need for this element if the item pointed to by the linkId has a definition listed.",
        "requirements": "A common pattern is to define a set of data elements, and then build multiple different questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "uri"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=DEFN].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN].code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "short": "Name for group or question text",
        "definition": "Text that is displayed above the contents of the group or as the text of the question being answered.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "requirements": "Allows the questionnaire response to be read without access to the questionnaire.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "fixedString": "Alcohol use - Details",
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".text"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "short": "The subject this group's answers are about",
        "definition": "More specific subject this section's answers are about, details the subject given in QuestionnaireResponse.",
        "comment": "References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.",
        "requirements": "Sometimes a group of answers is about a specific participant, artifact or piece of information in the patient's care or record, e.g. a specific Problem, RelatedPerson, Allergy etc.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ref-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided",
            "expression": "reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %resource.contained.id.trace('ids'))",
            "xpath": "not(starts-with(f:reference/@value, '#')) or exists(ancestor::*[self::f:entry or self::f:parameter]/f:resource/f:*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')]|/*/f:contained/f:*[f:id/@value=substring-after(current()/f:reference/@value, '#')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".participation[typeCode=SBJ].role or .outboundRelationship[typeCode=SUBJ].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.reference",
        "short": "Literal reference, Relative, internal or absolute URL",
        "definition": "A reference to a location at which the other resource is found. The reference may be a relative reference, in which case it is relative to the service base URL, or an absolute URL that resolves to the location where the resource is found. The reference may be version specific or not. If the reference is not to a FHIR RESTful server, then it should be assumed to be version specific. Internal fragment references (start with '#') refer to contained resources.",
        "comment": "Using absolute URLs provides a stable scalable approach suitable for a cloud/web context, while using relative/logical references provides a flexible approach suitable for use when trading across closed eco-system boundaries.   Absolute URLs do not need to point to a FHIR RESTful server, though this is the preferred approach. If the URL conforms to the structure \"/[type]/[id]\" then it should be assumed that the reference is to a FHIR RESTful server.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.reference",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1",
          "ref-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject.identifier",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.identifier",
        "short": "Logical reference, when literal reference is not known",
        "definition": "An identifier for the other resource. This is used when there is no way to reference the other resource directly, either because the entity is not available through a FHIR server, or because there is no way for the author of the resource to convert a known identifier to an actual location. There is no requirement that a Reference.identifier point to something that is actually exposed as a FHIR instance, but it SHALL point to a business concept that would be expected to be exposed as a FHIR instance, and that instance would need to be of a FHIR resource type allowed by the reference.",
        "comment": "When an identifier is provided in place of a reference, any system processing the reference will only be able to resolve the identifier to a reference if it understands the business context in which the identifier is used. Sometimes this is global (e.g. a national identifier) but often it is not. For this reason, none of the useful mechanisms described for working with references (e.g. chaining, includes) are possible, nor should servers be expected to be able resolve the reference. Servers may accept an identifier based reference untouched, resolve it, and/or reject it - see CapabilityStatement.rest.resource.referencePolicy.   When both an identifier and a literal reference are provided, the literal reference is preferred. Applications processing the resource are allowed - but not required - to check that the identifier matches the literal reference  Applications converting a logical reference to a literal reference may choose to leave the logical reference present, or remove it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.identifier",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "v2",
            "map": "CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "II - see see identifier pattern at http://wiki.hl7.org/index.php?title=Common_Design_Patterns#Identifier_Pattern for relevant discussion. The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs.  Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]"
          },
          {
            "identity": "servd",
            "map": "Identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".identifier"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.subject.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject.display",
        "short": "Text alternative for the resource",
        "definition": "Plain text narrative that identifies the resource in addition to the resource reference.",
        "comment": "This is generally not the same as the Resource.text of the referenced resource.  The purpose is to identify what's being referenced, not to fully describe it.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Reference.display",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "short": "The response(s) to the question",
        "definition": "The respondent's answer(s) to the question.",
        "comment": "The value is nested because we cannot have a repeating structure that has variable type.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".value[type=LIST_ANY]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.id",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.id",
        "representation": [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short": "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition": "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "comment": "Note that FHIR strings may not exceed 1MB in size",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.id",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "description": "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules": "open"
        },
        "short": "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "Element.extension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.modifierExtension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.modifierExtension",
        "short": "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition": "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment": "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias": [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "base": {
          "path": "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          },
          {
            "key": "ext-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "Must have either extensions or value[x], not both",
            "expression": "extension.exists() != value.exists()",
            "xpath": "exists(f:extension)!=exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier": true,
        "isSummary": true,
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "short": "Single-valued answer to the question",
        "definition": "The answer (or one of the answers) provided by the respondent to the question.",
        "comment": "More complex structures (Attachment, Resource and Quantity) will typically be limited to electronic forms that can expose an appropriate user interface to capture the components and enforce the constraints of a complex data type.  Additional complex types can be introduced through extensions.",
        "requirements": "Ability to retain a single-valued answer to a question.",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.value[x]",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "1"
        },
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ],
        "condition": [
          "ele-1"
        ],
        "constraint": [
          {
            "key": "ele-1",
            "severity": "error",
            "human": "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression": "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath": "@value|f:*|h:div"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "example",
          "description": "Code indicating the response provided for a question.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/questionnaire-answers"
          }
        },
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": "n/a"
          },
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".item"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "short": "Nested groups and questions",
        "definition": "Nested groups and/or questions found within this particular answer.",
        "requirements": "It is useful to have \"sub-questions\", questions which normally appear when certain answers are given and which collect additional details.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "short": "Nested questionnaire response items",
        "definition": "Questions or sub-groups nested beneath a question or group.",
        "requirements": "Reports can consist of complex nested groups.",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "0",
        "base": {
          "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
          "min": 0,
          "max": "*"
        },
        "contentReference": "#QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "mapping": [
          {
            "identity": "rim",
            "map": ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  "differential": {
    "element": [
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.use",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.use",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.type",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.value",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.value",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.period",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.identifier.assigner",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.basedOn",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.parent",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.questionnaire",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.status",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.status",
        "fixedCode": "completed"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject",
        "short": "The subject of the Social Context Person questions",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.subject.reference",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Encounter-1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.context.reference",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.authored",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.authored",
        "short": "Date/Time the social context was recorded."
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author",
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Practitioner-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/DCH-RelatedPerson-1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.author.reference",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source",
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Patient-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/CareConnect-DCH-Practitioner-1"
          },
          {
            "code": "Reference",
            "targetProfile": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/DCH-RelatedPerson-1"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.reference",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.source.reference",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "text"
            }
          ],
          "ordered": true,
          "rules": "closed"
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "socialCircumstances",
        "short": "The record of the child’s social background, network and personal circumstances",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "socialCircumstances"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Social Circumstances"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:socialCircumstances.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "lifestyle",
        "short": "The record of lifestyle choices made by the child which are pertinent to his or her health and well-being",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "lifestyle"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Lifestyle"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:lifestyle.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "smokingStatus",
        "short": "Latest or current smoking status of the child",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "smokingStatus"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Smoking Status"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
        "sliceName": "valueCoding",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "Latest or current smoking status of the child",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-PersonSmokingStatus-1"
          }
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "rules": "open"
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "sliceName": "snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension",
            "profile": "https://fhir.hl7.org.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/Extension-coding-sctdescid"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.system",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.version",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.code",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.display",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatus.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "smokingStatusDetails",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "smokingStatusDetails"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Smoking Status - Details"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:smokingStatusDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "drugSubstanceUse",
        "short": "Record of any drug/substance use by the child",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "substanceStatus"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Drug/substance use"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
        "sliceName": "valueCoding",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "binding": {
          "extension": [
            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "required",
          "description": "Code indicating any drug/substance use by the child",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-DrugOrSubstanceUse-1"
          }
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
          "discriminator": [
            {
              "type": "value",
              "path": "url"
            }
          ],
          "rules": "open"
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "sliceName": "snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Extension",
            "profile": "https://fhir.hl7.org.uk/STU3/StructureDefinition/Extension-coding-sctdescid"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.system",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.system",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedUri": "http://snomed.info/sct"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.version",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.version",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.code",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.code",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.display",
        "extension": [
          {
            "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean": true
          }
        ],
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.display",
        "min": 1
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding.userSelected",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "drugSubstanceUseDetails",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "drugSubstanceUseDetails"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Drug/Substance use - Details"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueString",
        "sliceName": "valueString",
        "min": 1,
        "type": [
          {
            "code": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:drugSubstanceUseDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "alcoholUse",
        "short": "Latest or current alcohol consumption record of the child measured in units consumed per week (as reported per week)",
        "max": "1"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.linkId",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.linkId",
        "fixedString": "alcoholIntake"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Alcohol use"
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.subject",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.subject",
        "max": "0"
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        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
        "min": 1,
        "max": "1"
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        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.valueCoding:valueCoding",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding",
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        "type": [
          {
            "code": "Coding"
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        ],
        "binding": {
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            {
              "url": "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString": "QuestionnaireAnswer"
            }
          ],
          "strength": "extensible",
          "description": "Record of any alcohol use by the child.",
          "valueSetReference": {
            "reference": "https://fhir.nhs.uk/STU3/ValueSet/DCH-AlcoholUse-1"
          }
        }
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
        "slicing": {
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            {
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              "path": "url"
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          "rules": "open"
        }
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.value[x]:valueCoding.extension:snomedCTDescriptionID",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.extension",
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        "min": 0,
        "max": "*",
        "type": [
          {
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        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.valueCoding.userSelected",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUse.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item",
        "sliceName": "alcoholUseDetails",
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      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.definition",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.definition",
        "max": "0"
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.text",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.text",
        "min": 1,
        "fixedString": "Alcohol use - Details"
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      {
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        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer",
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        "max": "1"
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        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.valueString:valueString",
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      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.answer.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.answer.item",
        "max": "0"
      },
      {
        "id": "QuestionnaireResponse.item:alcoholUseDetails.item",
        "path": "QuestionnaireResponse.item.item",
        "max": "0"
      }
    ]
  }
}